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Journal of Aging and Environment

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Sustainable urban development -- Oregon -- Portland, Older people -- Housing -- Oregon -- Portland, Housing policy -- Oregon -- Portland


Housing has long been considered a social determinant of individual and population health. Older adults with low incomes face several challenges to maintaining stable, affordable housing. Using data from a previous explanatory study of older adults waitlisted for housing assistance (n = 267), we explore individual characteristics and themes associated with older adults’ perceived housing instability and risk of future homelessness. This mixed-methods study identifies salient themes of financial insecurity, age discrimination, employment and health, interpersonal relationships, and trauma. Our analysis and findings highlight experiences of instability over the life course related to older adults’ current housing circumstances.


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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in the Journal of Aging and Environment. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published as: Lifelong Instability and Perceived Risk of Future Homelessness in Older Adults, Journal of Aging and Environment, available online:



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