Global Patterns of Diversity and Metabolism of Microbial Communities in Deep‑sea Hydrothermal vent deposits
This work was funded by the US-National Science Foundation grants OCE-0728391, OCE-0937404, OCE-1558795 to A-L.R, and OCE-2049478 and DBI-2047598 to K.A. We thank the Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (Community Science Program award 339, lead Peter Girguis) for sequencing several of the samples.
Ocean -- Seafloor tectonics, Volcanism
When deep-sea hydrothermal fluids mix with cold oxygenated fluids, minerals precipitate out of solution and form hydrothermal deposits. These actively venting deep-sea hydrothermal deposits support a rich diversity of thermophilic microorganisms which are involved in a range of carbon, sulfur, nitrogen, and hydrogen metabolisms. Global patterns of thermophilic microbial diversity in deep-sea hydrothermal ecosystems have illustrated the strong connectivity between geological processes and microbial colonization, but little is known about the genomic diversity and physiological potential of these novel taxa. Here we explore this genomic diversity in 42 metagenomes from four deep-sea hydrothermal vent fields and a deep-sea volcano collected from 2004 to 2018 and document their potential implications in biogeochemical cycles.
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hou, Z., St. John, E., Anantharaman, K. et al. Global patterns of diversity and metabolism of microbial communities in deep-sea hydrothermal vent deposits. Microbiome 10, 241 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s40168-022-01424-7