Manganese Transporters Regulate the Resumption of Replication in Hydrogen Peroxide-Stressed Escherichia Coli

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Following hydrogen peroxide treatment, ferrous iron (Fe2+) is oxidized to its ferric form (Fe3+), stripping it from and inactivating iron-containing proteins. Many mononuclear iron enzymes can be remetallated by manganese to restore function, while other enzymes specifically utilize manganese as a cofactor, having redundant activities that compensate for iron-depleted counterparts. DNA replication relies on one or more iron-dependent protein(s) as synthesis abates in the presence of hydrogen peroxide and requires manganese in the medium to resume. Here, we show that manganese transporters regulate the ability to resume replication following oxidative challenge in Escherichia coli. The absence of the primary manganese importer, MntH, impairs the ability to resume replication; whereas deleting the manganese exporter, MntP, or transporter regulator, MntR, dramatically increases the rate of recovery. Unregulated manganese import promoted recovery even in the absence of Fur, which maintains iron homeostasis. Similarly, replication was not restored in oxyR mutants, which cannot upregulate manganese import following hydrogen peroxide stress. Taken together, the results define a central role for manganese transport in restoring replication following oxidative stress.


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