Police services for the mentally ill, Criminal psychology, Mental illness, Law enforcement -- United States
Addressing mental illness in the American criminal justice system is necessary in order to ensure both citizens and officers are safe. According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2011), published studies show approximately 25 percent of all adults in the U.S. have a mental illness and nearly 50 percent of adults in the U.S. will develop at least one mental illness during their lifetimes. The U.S. Department of Justice’s Bureau of Justice Statistics also indicates nearly 25 percent of state prisoners and jail inmates with a mental health problem have three or more prior incarcerations (as cited in Glaze & James, 2006). This fact equates to a significant amount of interaction between police and persons with mental illness. It is fortunate there are growing volumes of literature on the study of persons with mental illness and their interactions with police officers. With this report, we reviewed 47 articles focusing on ways of improving police responses to persons with mental illnesses. We have organized the results of our literature review into five sections: Definitions and Prevalence, Characteristics of Those Affected, Typical Problems, Better Practices and Implications for Policy. It is our sincere hope the information provided will be useful in the ongoing development of policy and training, as well as the ongoing distinctions and successes for the Portland Police Bureau.
Portland State University. Criminology and Criminal Justice Senior Capstone, "Improving Police Officer Responses to Persons with Mental Illnesses: A Review of the Literature" (2015). Criminology and Criminal Justice Senior Capstone Project. 12.