Prevention of crime, Crime analysis, Crime forecasting, Crime patterns, Criminal behavior
Crime has the power to disrupt our communities in many ways. It unearths feelings of anger and fear, promotes vulnerability, and often results in effects that remain long after the crime has been committed. Those enlisted to protect society attempt to target criminal acts before they occur, and often employ tactics that predict future criminal behavior. It often seems that officers have solved a particular issue and extinguished crime in a problem area, but discover it was only pushed into another community. This compilation of research analyzes the nature of crime and attempts to provide solutions for the ongoing study and implementation of new policies. This review focuses on the importance of crime mapping and hotspot policing, while better defining circumstances in which crime plagues a community, city, or country. Detailed examples highlight the varying factors that have weighed upon the community’s perception of crime and displacement of crime. More importantly, this review delves deeper in defining hotspot policing, and crime mapping; it aims to establish a relationship between the distinguishing factors of crime and where law enforcement officials can intervene.
Crime prevention requires that agencies understand the underlying issues of crime and act upon educated assumptions of those criminal characteristics. Further examination reveals certain characteristics regarding offenders, including the locations where they choose to commit crimes, and the victims affected by their crimes. Patterns of victimization within crime hotspots should be noted with the same regard as location patterns. Continuing research and knowledge of offenders, victims, locations, better practices, and policy implementation can be developed to make hotspot policing and crime mapping an even more effective policing tool for the future
Portland State University. Criminology and Criminal Justice Senior Capstone, "Implementing Hotspot Policing: A Review of the Literature" (2013). Criminology and Criminal Justice Senior Capstone Project. 4.