Document Type

Technical Report

Publication Date

Spring 2011


Human trafficking, Victims of crimes, Crime prevention, Forced labor


A review of the literature pertaining to human trafficking reveals that human trafficking is a difficult crime to detect and prevent. Human trafficking involves the trafficking of human beings for the purpose of commercial sexual activities as well as forced labor. These crimes are occurring worldwide. Research indicates organized crime, prostitution, massage parlors, and brothels are closely linked to the crime of human trafficking. Government corruption and transnational criminal organizations contribute significantly to this crime and financial profit is usually the primary motivation. The objective of this report is to examine the various elements of human trafficking including the recognized definition, the prevalence of human trafficking, the characteristics commonly associated with both victims and offenders, as well as information regarding the Modus Operandi (M.O.). Various approaches to preventing the crime of human trafficking will be discussed.


Portland State University, Spring 2011 Criminology and Criminal Justice Capstone Class:

Deborah Akers, Danielle Allen, Nicole Beaman, Shawn Berger, Gregory Bridges, Bradley Burrell, Sarah Carter, Elda Cordone, Mark Eley, Lyla Hansen, Jennifer Hardesty, Jonathan Harrison, Donna Hess, Tiffany Hicks, Jack Hornstein, Luke Humphrey, Kristi Jarvis, Kelsey Johnson, Kent Kroeger, Heather Lehman, Vincent Lenoir, Eric Maple, Joshua Meng, Matthew Meyers, Lynnea Navarro, Robert Parker, Jennifer Pelletier, Courtney Percival, Samantha Pica, Jeffrey Regnier, Carly Singleton, Trevor Smith, Travis Wafstet, Amanda White and Marc Wokral

Persistent Identifier