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Air -- Pollution -- Health aspects -- Oregon -- Portland, Automobiles -- Motors -- Exhaust gas -- Health aspects


Bicyclist intake of air pollutants is linked to physical exertion levels, ventilation rates, and exposure concentrations. Whereas exposure concentrations have been widely studied in transportation environments, there is relatively scant research linking on-road ventilation with travel conditions and exertion levels. This paper investigates relationships among power output, heart rate, and ventilation rate for urban bicyclists. Heart rate and ventilation rate were measured on-road and combined with power output estimates from a bicycle power model. Dynamic ventilation rates increased by 0.4-0.8% per watt of power output, with a mean lag of 0.8 minutes. The use of physiology (ventilation) monitoring straps and heart rate proxies for dynamic on-road ventilation measurements are discussed. This paper provides for a clearer and more quantitative understanding of bicyclists’ ventilation and power output, which is useful for studies of pollutant inhalation risks, energy expenditure, and physical activity.


This is the author's version of the work. The paper was presented at the Transportation Research Record 2015 Annual Meeting on January 12, 2015.

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