Support for this project was provided by NASA award NNX09AF20G (Ocean Surface Topography Science Team).
Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans
Pacific Ocean, Indian Ocean, Tidal currents -- Mapping, Oceanography, Surface waves (Water), Ocean models, Data assimilation
t Temporal variability of the internal tide has been inferred from the 23 year long combined records of the TOPEX/Poseidon, Jason-1, and Jason-2 satellite altimeters by combining harmonic analysis with an analysis of along-track wavenumber spectra of sea-surface height (SSH). Conventional harmonic analysis is first applied to estimate and remove the stationary components of the tide at each point along the reference ground tracks. The wavenumber spectrum of the residual SSH is then computed, and the variance in a neighborhood around the wavenumber of the mode-1 baroclinic M2 tide is interpreted as the sum of noise, broadband nontidal processes, and the nonstationary tide. At many sites a bump in the spectrum associated with the internal tide is noted, and an empirical model for the noise and nontidal processes is used to estimate the nonstationary semidiurnal tidal variance. The results indicate a spatially inhomogeneous pattern of tidal variability. Nonstationary tides are larger than stationary tides throughout much of the equatorial Pacific and Indian Oceans
Zaron, E. D. (2017), Mapping the nonstationary internal tide with satellite altimetry, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 122, 539–554, doi:10.1002/2016JC012487.