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Flood Zones -- Urban areas -- Modeling


Climate change is driving worsening flood events worldwide. In this study, a hybrid approach based on a combination of the optimization of a hydrodynamic model and an error correction modeling that exploit different aspects of the physical system is proposed to improve the forecasting accuracy of flood water levels. In the parameter optimization procedure for the hydrodynamic model, Manning’s roughness coefficients were estimated by considering their spatial distribution and temporal variation in unsteady flow conditions. In the following error correction procedure, the systematic errors of the optimized hydrodynamic model were captured by combining the input variable selection method using partial mutual information (PMI) and artificial neural networks (ANNs), and therefore, complementary information provided by the data was achieved. The developed ANNs were used to analyze the potential non-linear relationships between the considered state variables and simulation errors to predict systematic errors. To assess the hybrid forecasting approach (hydrodynamic model with an ANN-based error correction model), performances of the hydrodynamic model, two ANN-based water-level forecasting models (ANN1 and ANN2), and the hybrid model were compared. Regarding input candidates, ANN1 considers the historical observations only, and ANN2 considers not only the historical observations that used in ANN1 but also the prescribed boundary conditions required for the hydrodynamic forecast model. As a result, the hybrid model significantly improved the forecasting accuracy of flood water levels compared to individual models, which indicates that the hybrid model is able to take advantage of complementary strengths of both the hydrodynamic model and the ANN model. The optimization of the hydrodynamic model allowing spatially and temporally variable parameters estimated water levels with acceptable accuracy. Furthermore, the use of PMI-based input variable selection and optimized ANNs as error correction models for different sites were proven to successfully predict simulation errors in the hydrodynamic model. Hence, the parameter optimization of the hydrodynamic model coupled with error correction modeling for water level forecasting can be used to provide accurate information for flood management.


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