Published In

Inorganic Chemistry

Document Type


Publication Date



Ligands (Biochemistry), Carboxylates, Chelates -- Synthesis, Contrast media (Diagnostic imaging), Magnetic resonance imaging, Isomerism


The chemistry of polyamino carboxylates and their use as ligands for Ln(3+) ions is of considerable interest from the point of view of the development of new imaging agents. Of particular interest is the chemistry of the macrocyclic ligand 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7,10-tetraacetic acid (DOTA) and its derivatives. Herein we report that the tetramethylated DOTA derivative, DOTMA, possess several properties that, from an imaging agent development point of view, are more advantageous than those of the parent DOTA. In particular, the Ln(3+) chelates of DOTMA exhibit a marked preference for the monocapped twisted square antiprismatic coordination isomer which imparts more rapid water exchange kinetics on the chelates; τ(M)(298) was determined to be 85 ns for GdDOTMA. Differential analysis of the (17)O R(2ρ) temperature profiles of both GdDOTA and GdDOTMA afforded the τ(M)(298) values for the square (SAP) and twisted square antiprismatic (TSAP) isomers of each chelate that were almost identical: 365 ns (SAP) and 52 ns (TSAP). The origin of this accelerated water exchange in the TSAP isomer appears to be the slightly longer Gd-OH(2) bond distance (2.50 Å) that is observed in the crystal structure of GdDOTMA which crystallizes in the P(2) space group as a TSAP isomer. The Ln(3+) chelates of DOTMA also exhibit high thermodynamic stabilities ranging from log K(ML) = 20.5 for CeDOTMA, 23.5 for EuDOTMA and YbDOTMA comparable to, but a shade lower than, those of DOTA.


This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Inorganic Chemistry. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Inorganic Chemistry, 5;50(17):7955-65. doi: 10.1021/ic2012827

Copyright © 2011 American Chemical Society

Locate the Document



Persistent Identifier

Included in

Chemistry Commons