Title

One-Step Melt Synthesis of Water-Soluble, Photoluminescent, Surface-Oxidized Silicon Nanoparticles for Cellular Imaging Applications

Published In

Chemistry of Materials

Document Type

Citation

Publication Date

2011

Subjects

Nanoparticles -- research

Abstract

We have developed a versatile, one-step melt synthesis of water-soluble, highly emissive silicon nanoparticles using bifunctional, low-melting solids (such as glutaric acid) as reaction media. Characterization through transmission electron microscopy, selected area electron diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and Raman spectroscopy shows that the one-step melt synthesis produces nanoscale Si cores surrounded by a silicon oxide shell. Analysis of the nanoparticle surface using FT-IR, zeta potential, and gel electrophoresis indicates that the bifunctional ligand used in the one-step synthesis is grafted onto the nanoparticle, which allows for tuning of the particle surface charge, solubility, and functionality. Photoluminescence spectra of the as-prepared glutaric acid-synthesized silicon nanoparticles show an intense blue−green emission with a short (ns) lifetime suitable for biological imaging. These nanoparticles are found to be stable in biological media and have been used to examine cellular uptake and distribution in live N2a cells.

Rights

Copyright © 2011 American Chemical Society

Locate the Document

https://doi-org/10.1021/cm200270d

DOI

10.1021/cm200270d

Persistent Identifier

https://archives.pdx.edu/ds/psu/34412

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