Syntheses and Optoelectronic Properties of Amino/carboxyphenylporphyrins for potential use in dye-sensitized TiO2 solar cells
Journal of Porphyrins and Phthalocyanines
New mixed-substituent amino/carboxyphenylporphyrins for a dye-sensitized TiO2 solar cell were prepared using several synthetic routes. The reaction of 4-carbomethoxy- and 4-acetamidobenzaldehydes with pyrrole in propionic acid under aerobic conditions afforded mixtures of mixed amide/ester substituted tetraphenylporphyrins which were separated using centrifugal chromatography then deprotected to give the target compounds. Condensation of p-nitrophenyldipyrromethane with 4-carbomethoxybenzaldehyde in CH2Cl2 catalyzed by trifluoroacetic acid, followed by oxidation with dichlorodicyanoquinone gives trans-dicarbomethoxy/dinitrophenylporphyrin, which when treated with SnCl2 and HCl affords the trans-diamino/dicarboxy derivative, trans-TA2C2PP. Commercially available tetrakis-5,10,15,20-(4-carboxyphenyl)porphyrin (TCPP) was converted to mixtures of mixed amino/carbomethoxyphenylporphyrins using hydroxylamine hydrochloride in polyphosphoric acid with methanol workup. Relative yields and product distributions from each route are discussed and the optoelectronic characteristics of the synthesized porphyrins were studied using UV-visible spectroscopy and cyclic voltammetry.
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Walter, M. G., Wamser, C. C., Ruwitch, J., Zhao, Y., Braden, D., Stevens, M., ... & Pessiki, P. J. (2007). Syntheses and optoelectronic properties of amino/carboxyphenylporphyrins for potential use in dye-sensitized TiO 2 solar cells. Journal of Porphyrins and Phthalocyanines, 11(08), 601-612.