Aminophenyl/carboxyphenylporphyrins as Sensitizers for Dye-sensitized Solar Cells
Journal of Porphyrins and Phthalocyanines
A series of tetraphenyl meso-substituted porphyrins with either p-amino or p-carboxy substituents has been studied as dyes for standard dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). The porphyrins with greater numbers of amino groups generally show greater efficiency, primarily due to higher photocurrents; open-circuit voltage and fill factors are comparable. The most efficient sensitizer was the trans disubstituted zinc porphyrin, with an overall solar energy conversion efficiency of 5.66%, slightly higher than the triamino zinc porphyrin at 5.18%. The improved efficiency is attributed to the well known push–pull effect in porphyrinsensitized DSSCs with electrondonating groups opposite to the electronwithdrawing anchoring (carboxy) groups. It is suggested that porphyrin derivatives with cis diaminophenyl groups show somewhat diminished efficiency due to difficulties with regeneration of the dye from its oxidized form.
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Rudine, A. B., Day, N. U., Tian, X., Lee, C., James, K. E., & Wamser, C. C. (2016). Aminophenyl/carboxyphenylporphyrins as sensitizers for dye-sensitized solar cells. Journal of Porphyrins and Phthalocyanines, 20(08n11), 1217-1223.