Published In

Proceedings Japan-USA-Vietnam Workshop on Research and Education in Systems, Computation and Control Engineering

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Date



Computer network protocols -- Technological innovations, Computer networks, TCP/IP (Computer network protocol)


Experimentally, we show that Transmission Control Protocol (TCP)’s congestion control algorithm results in dynamic behavior similar to a stable limit cycle (attractor) when data from TCP flow into a fixed-size buffer and data is removed from the buffer at a fixed service rate. This setup represents how TCP buffers packets for transmission onto the network, with the network represented by a fixed-size buffer with a fixed service rate. The closed trajectory may vary slightly from period to period due to the discrete nature of computer systems. The size of the closed trajectory is a function of the network’s buffer size and the network’s service rate of packets in the buffer.

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