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Journal of Infrared Millimeter and Terahertz Waves

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Terahertz communications, Terahertz technology


LoS (Line of Sight) MIMO (Multiple Input Multiple Output) is considered the best way to deliver high capacity channels for terahertz communications due to the severe attenuation suffered by reflected components. Unfortunately, terahertz links are easily blocked by any obstruction resulting in link breakage. Therefore, it is necessary to provide alternative paths via reflectors. A problem shared by LoS paths and reflected paths (via polished reflectors) is that the channel matrix is rank 1 in the far-field. As a result, the achieved capacity is lower than what can theoretically be achieved in a rich multi-path environment. In this work, we simultaneously solve the channel rank problem and the coverage problem by using static reflective surfaces which provide limited scattering of the incident signal in a way that minimizes signal loss but provides multiple paths to the receiver with varying phase. We construct such a surface and characterize the received signal using a terahertz testbed. We show that using our surface, we can improve channel capacity for 2x2 LoS MIMO. We also develop a theoretical model for the received signal and show that the reflected capacity matches the measured capacity well.


License: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Read Full License



Version of Record: A version of this preprint was published at Journal of Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves on May 6th, 2024. See the published version at 00985-y.



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