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Demand-side management (Electric utilities), Climatic changes, City planning -- Environmental aspects


Residential energy use has been envisioned in varied ways, each highlighting different factors and capturing a partial truth. This paper outlines assumptions of core theories about household energy use. It gives an abbreviated list of major empirical findings framed by these theories. It then identifies a new set of "blind spots" created by overly-simple reliance on models and by data shortcomings that in combination may block development of a more sophisticated understanding of energy use. Policies and program strategies, in turn, can become oriented toward simplistic approaches to change. We point to the need for improved interpretation and elaboration of existing theories, and accordingly toward richer comprehension of energy users and the dynamics of energy use, suitable to the wider policy world of climate change and sustainability that the energy use research field now faces.


The goal of this project is to develop next-generation models, data sources, policy and technology analyses to provide an improved understanding of residential demand for natural gas, both directly consumed and through electricity demands. The results are intended to improve energy policies and energy efficiency programs, to accelerate the reduction of California greenhouse gas emissions, and to help develop improved modes of decision support for policies.

©2010 ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings

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