We would like to gratefully acknowledge support for this research by the Office of Naval Research Ocean Acoustics Program. We also would also like to acknowledge the NURC for providing the MAPEX2000bis, Boundary 2003, and ElbaEx data.
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
Underwater acoustics, Noise, Geologic Sediments, Acoustical engineering
Recently, a technique has been developed to image seabed layers using the ocean ambient noise field as the sound source. This so called passive fathometer technique exploits the naturally occurring acoustic sounds generated on the sea-surface, primarily from breaking waves. The method is based on the cross-correlation of noise from the ocean surface with its echo from the seabed, which recovers travel times to significant seabed reflectors. To limit averaging time and make this practical, beamforming is used with a vertical array of hydrophones to reduce interference from horizontally propagating noise. The initial development used conventional beamforming, but significant improvements have been realized using adaptive techniques. In this paper, adaptive methods for this process are described and applied to several data sets to demonstrate improvements possible as compared to conventional processing.
Siderius, M., Song, H., Gerstoft, P., Hodgkiss, W., Hursky, P., & Harrison, C. (2010). Adaptive passive fathometer processing. The Journal of The Acoustical Society of America, 127(4), 2193-2200.