Publication Date


Document Type

Working Paper


Professor John Hall

Journal of Economic Literature Classification Codes

N3, N400, O570, Z13, Z120

Key Words

comparative country studies, cultural traits, feudalism, religion, tradition


Americans and Canadians seem similar in many ways; however, their dissimilar historical experiences have shaped very different attitudes and philosophies that underpin their institutions. Canadians promote equality and collective responsibility under a restrained, parliamentary state, whilst the Americans stress self-reliance, individualism and freedom. Canadians embraced the hierarchical structure of the British and French Empires and Americans revolted against all ties to it. What appear to be minor distinctions between the two countries and cultures are actually fundamental philosophies rooted in the past.


© Lorraine M. Hutton

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