Funding for this study was provided by the US National Science Foundation through the Socio-environmental Synthesis Center (SESYNC) in Annapolis, Maryland, USA. We would like to thank David Hawthorne and Gabrielle Bammer for their involvement and support. Funding was also given by FORMAS, the Swedish National Research Council for Sustainable Development (grant no 2016–01432), and the Swedish National Contingencies Agency (project: Societal Resilience: Governance, Social Networks and Learning). We also want to thank Dan Milz for insights into portions of the manuscript.
Environmental Modeling & Software
Qualtative analysis, Participatory modeling
In environmental participatory modeling (PM), both computer and non-computer-based modeling techniques are used to aid participatory problem description, solution, and decision-making actions in environmental contexts. Although many PM case studies have been published, few efforts have sought to systematically describe and understand dominant PM processes or establish best practices for PM. As a first step, we have reviewed a random sample of environmental PM case study articles (n = 60) using a novel PM process evaluation instrument. We found that significant work likely remains for PM to fully support participatory and integrated planning processes. While PM reports systematically address knowledge integration and learning, they often neglect the facilitation of a multi-value perspective within a democratic process, and the integration across organizations within a governance system. If not reported, we suspect these aspects are also neglected in practice. We conclude with key research and practice issues for improving PM as an approach for real-world participatory planning and governance.
Copyright (c) 2021 The Authors
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Hedelin, B., Gray, S., Woehlke, S., BenDor, T. K., Singer, A., Jordan, R., ... & Sterling, E. (2021). What’s left before participatory modeling can fully support real-world environmental planning processes: A case study review. Environmental Modelling & Software, 105073.