Models for Energy Efficiency Obligation Systems through different perspectives
Technology in Society
As environmental problems such as global warming has become increasingly prevalent, and with the rise in foreign dependence on fossil fuels, energy efficiency and energy saving programs and research have risen. This global focus on energy efficiency has accelerated studies on this subject in order to decrease foreign dependency on fossil fuels, to protect the environment, to minimize the effect of energy costs to national economies, and to assure the energy supply.
With increasing population and fast economic development, energy consumption in Turkey has increased significantly. Therefore, current policies need to be updated and additional measures need to be implemented. The Energy Efficiency Strategy document states that Turkey aims to decrease its energy intensity by 20% by 2023, and accordingly new policies and strategies are being carried out in every sector to achieve this result. The uninterrupted, cost-effective, and globally sustainable energy supply is at the heart of national energy policies globally.
The Energy Efficiency Obligation Scheme (EEOS) is among the fundamental tools created to increase energy efficiency in the European Union (EU). Many EU countries have successfully implemented EEOS, and further white certificate markets as a central tool for increasing energy efficiency. For example, Italy has seen particularly positive achievements with a white certificate market by avoiding consumption of 6.7 million tons of oil equivalent (TOE).
The implementation of National Energy Efficiency Action Plan (NEEAP) in terms of energy saving was a great step in Turkey. In this document, EEOS has been analyzed in detail.
All of these studies are expected to shed light on the energy efficiency liability system to be implemented in Turkey in the future. For this purpose, it is thought that the inclusion of energy service companies into these models will have a positive effect on the success of the system.
Within the scope of this study, it has been concluded that energy resources and technologies should have the flexibility to be localized and to resist unexpected changes. Another reason to encourage incentive policies in energy efficiency will be to reduce energy importation.
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Irem Duzdar Argun, Gulgun Kayakutlu, Neslihan Yilmaz Ozgozen, Tugrul U. Daim, Models for Energy Efficiency Obligation Systems through different perspectives, Technology in Society, Volume 64, 2021, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techsoc.2020.101436.