Identifying Potential Breakthrough Research: A Machine Learning Method Using Scientific Papers and Twitter Data
This paper is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant 71673018, 72174017). During the author Xin Li visit to the University of Cambridge, he received financial support from China Scholarship Council and Beijing University of Technology.
Technological Forecasting and Social Change
Breakthrough research may signal shifts in science, technology, and innovation systems. Early identification of breakthrough research is important not only for scientists, but also for policy makers and R&D experts in developing R&D strategies and allocating R&D resources. Researchers mostly use scientific papers data to identify potential breakthrough research, but they rarely make use of Twitter data related to scientific research and machine learning methods. Analysis of Twitter data is of great significance for us to understand the public's perception of potential breakthrough research and to identify potential breakthrough research. Machine learning methods can assist us in predicting the trend of events by utilizing prior knowledge and experience. Therefore, this paper proposes a framework for identifying potential breakthrough research using machine learning methods with scientific papers and Twitter data. We select solar cells as a case study to verify the valid and flexible of this framework. In this case, we use machine learning method to discover potential breakthrough research from scientific papers, and we use Twitter data mining to analyze Twitter users' sense of and response to the discovered potential breakthrough research, which aims to achieve a more extensive and diverse assessment of the discovered potential breakthrough research. This paper contributes to identifying potential breakthrough research, as well as understanding the emergence and development of breakthrough research. It will be of interest to R&D experts in the field of solar cell technology.
© 2022 Elsevier Inc.
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Li, X., Wen, Y., Jiang, J., Daim, T., & Huang, L. (2022). Identifying potential breakthrough research: A machine learning method using scientific papers and Twitter data. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 184. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2022.122042