Bulletin of Volcanology
Volcanology -- Research
Figuring out how volcanoes work is one of the geoscience’s most complex puzzles. Clues of all sizes, shapes, and colors are scattered across every continent, the bottom of the ocean, in the atmosphere, and on the surfaces of other planets. Generations of geologists, geophysicists, geodesists, and geochemists have used field observations, laboratory measurements, and theory to fill gaps left by their predecessors. Yet critical uncertainties remain. Why do eruptions begin? What determines their intensity? What controls their frequency and style of activity? What causes them to end? These unsolved issues leave society increasingly vulnerable to volcanic disruptions. Hundreds of published papers supplemented by dozens of review articles and compendia like the Encyclopedia of VolcanologyFootnote1 each offer a snapshot showing steps volcanologists have taken to piece together answers to these fundamental questions.
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Fink, J., Cashman, K., & Sigmundsson, F. (2023). Looking backward and forward: volcanology in the years 2000, 2010, 2020, and beyond. Bulletin of Volcanology, 85(2), 13.