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Annals of Glaciology

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Ice sheets -- Antarctica, Glacial landforms -- Antarctica, Glaciers -- Antarctica -- West Antarctica


An ice-sheet flowline model is used to simulate the flow of ice along two particle paths toward the onset to Ice Stream D,West Antarctica. One path is near the centre line of the main tributary to the ice stream, while the second passes by the Byrd Station borehole site. In this paper, we analyze the flow of the moderately fast-flowing tributaries in terms of ice-fabric anisotropy and estimate the steady-state ice-flow regions with the compatible developed crystal orientation fabrics along two particle paths. Comparison between modelled isochrones and internal layers detected from radio-echo sounding surveys in the area is used to suggest that flow upstream of the onset to Ice Stream D appears to have been stable since at least the Last Glacial Maximum.


Originally appeared in Annals of Glaciology, published by the International Glaciological Society. Article can be found at



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