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Geophysical Research Letters

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Mount Saint Helens (Wash.) -- Eruption (1980) -- Environmental aspects, Mudflows -- Rheology, Volcanology -- Research


Rheological properties of three recent mudflows at Mount St. Helens were estimated using techniques developed for determining the properties of debris flows based on the geometry of their deposits. Calculated yield strengths of 1100, 1000, and 400 Pa, maximum flow velocities of 10 to 31 m/s, volumetric flow rates of 300 to 3400 m3/s, and plastic viscosities of 20 to 320 Pa-s all compare favorably with measured and estimated values cited in the literature. A method for determining likely sites of future mudflow initiation based on these data is outlined.


This is the publisher's final PDF. Originally published in Geophysical Research Letters ( and is copyrighted by American Geophysical Union (

*At the time of publication, Jonathan Fink was affiliated with Arizona State University.

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