Date of Award
Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) in Criminology and Criminal Justice and University Honors
Criminology and Criminal Justice
Community Policing has existed around the world for decades, despite becoming increasingly popular in the later 1990s and early 2000s in the United States. There have been multiple ways that the United States has tried to implement community policing, which this paper will review. Starting in the 1960s when the 12th street race riots caused Lyndon B. Johnson to publish government reports calling for an overhaul of policing and an increased focus on community relations, and looking all the way to 2014, when President Barack Obama created the Task Force on 21st Century Policing, which also put out a report about policing, in response to the social unrest that followed the shooting of Michael Brown in Ferguson, Missouri. Each iteration of community policing will be reviewed, and the reasons they did or did not last scrutinized. This will allow us to extract lessons from them and analyze why we have not yet been able to successfully implement community policing, and keep needing to come up with new versions and new reports calling for change. Lastly, policy and implementation suggestions will be given for the future. The paper will discuss what we need to do in order to achieve the ideals and practices called for in each of the government policing reports, and what we can and should do to avoid continuing this seemingly endless cycle of police reform in the name of community policing.
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Bell, Emily, "A Historic Review of Community Policing & the Implementation Issues We Have Faced" (2023). University Honors Theses. Paper 1306.