First Advisor

Julia Freybote

Date of Award

Winter 3-2023

Document Type


Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) in Business: Finance and University Honors






Apartment houses -- Prices -- Portland Metropolitan Area, Housing -- Prices -- Portland Metropolitan Area, COVID-19 Pandemic (2020- ) -- Influence, COVID-19 Pandemic (2020- ) -- Economic aspects -- Oregon, Apartment houses -- Oregon, Housing -- Oregon




The purpose of this paper is to examine notable metrics of multi-family housing markets before and since the COVID-19 pandemic. The primary locations for the analysis of this issue were Portland, Oregon and other cities located near Portland. This paper attempts to demonstrate the ways in which the COVID-19 pandemic has affected the landscape of multi-family housing options and affordability since the year 2020. A literature review was first conducted to obtain a better understanding of what the discourse community surrounding housing changes has stated about the pandemic's role in the housing market. After drawing conclusions from the prior literature, a data analysis was conducted on aggregate data from the year 2000 to the present in Portland, Oregon and other cities in the state. A descriptive statistical analysis was run to understand the data spread, then several t-tests were run on significant variables to determine if the time period of the pandemic had a significant statistical effect on said housing variables. The results of the statistical analysis corroborated the statements made in the literature review with regards to the pandemic's impact on housing. By agreeing with the literature review, this paper adds to the literature surrounding the ongoing housing dilemma that is connected to the duration and after math of the COVID-19 pandemic.


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