This work was supported by the Undergraduate Research Training Initiative for Student Enhancement program, the Oregon Health and Science University OB/GYN department, and the General Consulate of Mexico.
Blair G. Darney
Date of Award
Bachelor of Science (B.S.) in Public Health Studies: Pre-clinical Health Science and University Honors
Latino health, language barriers, language concordant care, Healthcare comprehension, Acculturation
Background: The purpose of this study is to describe the need and preferences among Mexican-origin Latinos in Oregon for language-concordant healthcare providers. We hypothesize that the presence of a language concordant provider is associated with greater health care comprehension.
Methods: This is a cross sectional study in collaboration with the General Consulate of Mexico. We developed a 20-item survey that includes questions about socio-demographics, a validated language-based acculturation scale, and questions regarding language concordant care experience and preferences used in previous studies. We are recruiting at the Mexican Consulate 500 Latino/as ages 18 or older who had a healthcare visit within the past 12 months. We will use descriptive and multivariable statistics to describe our sample and test the association of language concordance between patient and provider and comprehension of the healthcare visit.
Results: We have recruited 500 participants; all took the survey in Spanish. 44% of the participants reported having a language concordant provider, while 98% said they had a preference for a Spanish speaking provider. Comparing people who reported having a language concordant provider vs. those who did not have a language concordant provider there were statistically significant differences found in regular sources of care, need for help understanding the provider, and level of understanding of what the provider said.
Public Health Significance: This research will allow us to understand the need for Spanish speaking medical providers, and support better quality care and communication with medical providers within the Latino/a community in Oregon.
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Parra, Grace, "The Association of Patient-Provider Language Concordance with Healthcare Comprehension Among Latino/as in Oregon" (2023). University Honors Theses. Paper 1318.