First Advisor

Kimberley Brown

Date of Award

Spring 6-9-2023

Document Type


Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) in International & Global Studies: International Development and University Honors


International and Global Studies




Economic development -- France -- Lyon Metropolitan Area, Lyon (France) -- Decentralization




France has long been a country politically and economically dominated by its largest city: Paris. This dynamic seemed natural for an absolute monarchy and a subsequent empire that sought centralized administration, but in the second half of the twentieth century there were increasing calls for regional solidarity and a more active industrial policy to develop metropolitan France beyond the Paris basin. The objectives of the French government seem two-fold: to lean on and expand the economic strength of the Paris region while increasing the economic dynamism of the various other large agglomerations. But in an economy already so dominated by the capital city and an approaching 2024 Olympic Games only reinforcing this paradigm, the question of how effective these decentralization efforts have been thus far naturally arises. The purpose of this article will be to evaluate the Lyonnaise region, primarily known as the Métropole de Lyon, in order to respond to the question: to what extent is the Lyonnaise region an attractive economic region in the context of the French economy and European integration? Answering this question will subsequently provide insightful reflections on the success of the decentralization efforts of previous decades and on the ability of metropolitan France to host multiple attractive regions outside of Paris.


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