First Advisor

Lindsay Benstead

Date of Award

Spring 6-2023

Document Type


Degree Name

Bachelor of Science (B.S.) in Political Science and University Honors


Political Science




Nation-building – Afghanistan, Afghanistan -- Foreign relations -- United States, United States -- Foreign relations -- Afghanistan




The main inspiration for this has been down to my curiosity of my heritage. The events described, particularly in the 1970's, were things that were contemporary to my family, and the escape from Afghanistan as refugee was an experience that was firsthand for my dad--who escaped in 1979 to Pakistan to claim refugee status in the US. One of the things that struck me the most in his story of escaping on foot with a group of villagers, was that the centers for refugees in Pakistan were not the cleanest and housed a crowded room of people who were stuck in a cycle of uncertainty. They didn't know if the homes they grew up in, raised their families in, and had get-to-togethers in, were still standing--and even if the existing state still was there. Assuming that everything was going to be okay (it wasn't), they couldn't have predicted that the causes of violence that made them flee their homes the first time would come back to have an effect on that the next time, or even another time again. It should be reminded that these people who I'm describing are affected the most by the events laid out.


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