First Advisor

Marcus E. Sharpe

Date of Award

Spring 6-16-2023

Document Type


Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) in Psychology and University Honors






Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder -- Research, Attention-deficit-disordered adults -- Health and hygiene, Attention-deficit-disordered children -- Health and hygiene, Attention-deficit-disordered adults -- Social conditions, Attention-deficit-disordered children -- Social conditions




Difficult questions regarding etiology, prevalence, and individual treatment allude to the heterogenous and complex neurocognitive profile ADHD. Current understandings do not point to there being any yet-undiscovered, succinct set of features for the condition that will answer these questions. ADHD in fact has a heterogeneous etiology and neurocognitive profile, suffers from both overdiagnosis and underdiagnosis, and a variety of styles of treatment are conceivable to address this. Sociocultural factors have crucially guided the direction of ADHD pathology and medicalization and are woven into institutional environments. These extant problems have eluded ADHD research, and the debate over the construction and validity of its diagnosis have been ever present. Despite the evidence supporting that environmental settings have a crucial role in risk, functioning, diagnosis, and treatment, ADHD is not often conceptualized as an interaction between the person and environment. There must be a reconceptualization of ADHD research to understand the interaction between ADHD functioning and environmental settings.


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