First Advisor

Tom Hastings

Date of Award

Spring 6-2023

Document Type


Degree Name

Bachelor of Science (B.S.) in Conflict Resolution and University Honors


Conflict Resolution




media, conflict, framing, journalism, Japan, United States




In today's society, there are various ways of watching and reading the news; however, advanced marketing and technology expose us to what best matches our beliefs. Our beliefs influence which media we choose and are shaped by what we read or watch. Because of the overload of information produced by social media, 24/7 news, podcasts, and a barrage of online news sources, it can be challenging to absorb all the information that we gather. In times of extremity, we are so consumed by the incursion of information that we forget to question and probe. When there is heightened violence and tragedy, we are affected by our own emotions and biases, however, so is our news. When we look carefully, we can analyze different values, conflict language, and partiality in the news. Furthermore, it is important to consider the ways that different cultures frame conflict in the media. This paper examines how select examples from Japanese mainstream media and United States (US) mainstream media following the Russian invasion of Ukraine compare and contrast when portraying, framing, and describing similar conflicts. A thorough examination of Japanese and US media demonstrated how each country upholds values and what they prioritize. In the Japanese media, the principles of pacifism were crucial to maintain while aiding Ukraine. The US media also spoke of peace and not provoking global conflict, but their actions seemed incongruent with those words.


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