First Advisor

Marcus Sharpe

Date of Award

Fall 12-9-2023

Document Type


Degree Name

Bachelor of Science (B.S.) in Psychology and University Honors






transgender, masculinities, gender-nonconforming, nonbinary, gender theory




The perception and performance of masculinities in the United States has been a topic that, on its own, has garnered relatively little research attention in existing literature. Only in recent years have we seen an increase in attention given towards the study and understanding of masculinities and their role in American society. Even among the study of masculinities, the viewpoints of transgender and gender-nonconforming individuals on masculinity have received little to no attention. With this literature review and meta analysis, we seek to develop a greater understanding of transgender and gender-nonconforming peoples’ views on masculinity as they are currently depicted in available literature. We find that, especially among transgender men, the experiences of masculinity are likely as diverse as the wide array of lived experiences in masculinity experienced by cisgender men and masculine individuals. Simultaneously, it is evident that the apparently beneficial effects of performing masculinity in a social context, also referred to as male privilege, are not felt equally among transgender men, similarly to the wide variance in experience felt among cisgender men. We finish with recommendations for future research on the topic to gather more information on the opinions of other transmasculine, transfeminine, and other gender-nonconforming individuals regarding their perception and experiences with masculinities.

Persistent Identifier