Date of Award
Urban Studies and Planning
Community development -- Oregon -- Portland, Neighborhoods -- Oregon -- Portland, Albina (Portland Or.), Gentrification -- Oregon -- Portland, Residential mobility
Issues related to gentrification and its primary consequence, the displacement of vulnerable populations from their homes and communities, are rightly considered among the most pressing social concerns faced by urban communities. Portland, Oregon has seen many of its neighborhoods undergo the gentrification transition, especially in traditionally Black neighborhoods. The Boise neighborhood lies within Northeast Portland's Albina district, which has served as the cultural and commercial heart of Portland's Black community for generations. In the 1990 Census, over 70% of the population of Boise (situated within Multnomah County Census tract 34.02) were Black, while 26% were White. By 2010, those figures had shifted to 25% Black and 65% White. During this same period public and private investment in the neighborhood increased substantially, while indicators of gentrification such as median household income, per capita income, housing values and rents, and educational attainment showed significant corresponding increases. Through comparative analyses of Census and American Community Survey data (using 1990, 2000, and 2010 Census data for tract 34.02, as well as intervening ACS 3-year estimates), documentary review, and interviews with longtime residents and community stakeholders, this study explores the process of gentrification in the Boise neighborhood and illustrates the extent of resulting displacement of Black residents from the area.
Jordan, Jordan, "An Examination of Gentrification and Related Displacement of Black Residents in Portland's Boise Neighborhood, 1990-2010" (2013). University Honors Theses. Paper 16.