First Advisor

Jennifer Tappan

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) in History and University Honors




Women -- Nigeria -- Lagos -- Social conditions, Women -- Nigeria -- Lagos -- Economic conditions, Price regulation -- Nigeria -- Lagos -- Case studies, Food prices -- Nigeria -- Lagos -- Case studies, Postcolonialism




With the outbreak of WWII, British colonial officials in Nigeria attempted to implement food price controls, and later direct colonial food distribution, known as the Pullen scheme. These regulations extended the element of colonial control into the food marketplace, which was dominated by independent traders, the vast majority of whom were women. Through protests, petitions, and intentional non-cooperation, the Lagos Market Women's Association defended their ability to earn a living and their ability to operate without colonial intervention. This study examines the Pullen scheme and the LMWA's resistance through the framework of the limits of colonial control as they attempted to standardize and "rationalize" the African economic sphere, and the gendered implications of that attempt.


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