First Advisor

Lee Shaker

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) in Communication Studies and University Honors




Journalism -- Technological innovations, Mass media -- Political aspects, Citizen journalism, Protest movements




In discussions of the expansion of the new media environment in journalistic endeavors, academics have begun focusing on how this expansion affects social protest movements' interaction and successful interaction with news making. The manner in which news is created and reaches the masses has adapted, sometimes reluctantly, to the explosion of new media communication technologies. One controversial issue has been the impact the contemporary media environment has made on social movements, specifically with protests. Researchers argue that the contemporary media environment has been a tool used by protests to partake in more effective information diffusion to the masses. This paper is an analysis of the discussions regarding the impact that the news-making shift has had on protest news media involvement. This paper focuses on three different journalistic paradigms that have occurred/are occurring and the ways in which protest movements interact with each: professional, citizen, and new media. Through an intensive literature review of the available research, findings point to the breaking of the news monopoly and a redefining of the meaning of making news; both proving supportive and inhibiting to protest movements. Further research must explore isolated ways to measure what this impact means for different kinds of movements and news producers.


In Copyright. URI: This Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s).

Persistent Identifier