First Advisor

Ben Anderson-Nathe

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Bachelor of Science (B.S.) in Child and Family Studies and University Honors


Social Work


Harm reduction, Twelve-step programs, Teenagers -- Substance use -- Treatment




Alongside harm reduction strategies, the abstinence-based 12-step model of recovery has become an increasingly prominent means of addressing substance abuse among American adolescent youth. These two different models of recovery are commonly being implemented in tandem with one another as a means of treating substance abuse for adolescent youth. Despite the common occurrence of dual implementation, there has been limited research into the impact these modalities have upon one another. Using a narrative review, this study utilizes existing literature to highlight key means through which the 12-step model of recovery works as both an asset and a hindrance to harm reduction strategies, such as opioid replacement therapy, for substance abusing adolescent youth.


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An undergraduate honors thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Bachelor of Science in University Honors and Child & Family Studies, Psychology.

Persistent Identifier