First Advisor

Taghrid Khuri

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) in Social Science and University Honors


Social Science


Women -- Egypt -- Social conditions, Egypt -- History -- 19th century, Social history




The following work investigates the role that colonialism and its modern neocolonial predecessors have played in the oppression of Egyptian women. The work is situated in Kimberle Crenshaw's articulation of intersectional feminist theory, which argues that feminists must investigate the intersections of oppression which augment gender inequality or else risk reinforcing the oppressions which are left unaddressed. The framework for the investigation utilizes feminist sociologist Dorothy Smith's work on "relations of the ruling," which are the systems of power and social processes that produce oppression. In order to examine how colonialism and its predecessors influenced women's oppression in Egypt, the thesis provides a historical reading of how colonialism and its predecessors influenced the formation of Egypt's "relations of the ruling" and, in turn, how these relations impacted women in Egypt. The work begins with Egypt's enmeshment into the British colonial system under the rule of Pasha Muhammad 'Ali and ends with an overview of the role that the neocolonial capitalist world order played in the Arab Spring and the rise of the violently repressive regime of President Sisi who rules Egypt today.


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