Date of Award
Bachelor of Science (B.S.) in Psychology and University Honors
Personality and motivation, Motivation (Psychology), Automobile driving -- Human factors, Automobile driving -- Psychological aspects
Eco-driving is an environmentally-conscious way of operating a vehicle that decreases fuel emissions and increases safety. The present study analyzed the relationship of proactive personality with 1) eco-driving training transfer and 2) spillover to home driving behaviors, along with the moderating effects of motivation. After an eco-driving information campaign was implemented at three public sector organizations, web-based surveys were administered to light-duty fleet drivers at three time points over the span of 6 months. Results based on hierarchical multiple regression models demonstrated the effect of proactive personality on Time 3 eco-driving behaviors was moderated by Time 1 motivation, such that those high in both factors demonstrated the highest levels of training transfer. Conversely, the findings revealed a negative relationship between proactive personality and Time 3 spillover. Additional analysis revealed that the effect of proactive personality on Time 3 spillover was moderated by Time 3 motivation; however, the lowest levels of spillover were reported by those with low motivation and high proactive personality. Together, these findings provide important insight for the promotion and development of eco-driving behaviors within organizations.
Oxendahl, Timothy, "The Influence of Individual Differences on Eco-Driving Training Transfer and Spillover: A Correlational Study of Proactive Personality and Motivation" (2018). University Honors Theses. Paper 529.