OHSU-PSU School of Public Health
Rajiv L. Sharma
Date of Award
Bachelor of Science (B.S.) in Public Health Studies: Clinical Health Sciences and University Honors
Tobacco use -- Government policy -- Evaluation, Tobacco use -- Prevention, Smoking cessation, Nonsmoking areas, Tobacco -- Taxation
The harmful effects of tobacco consumption and smoking have been well documented, and the literature is conclusive on their negative effects. However, there is still a great deal of discussion to be had on which policies and strategies can be employed to decrease smoking rates. Tobacco control policies used in the past included tobacco taxes, smoke free zones, anti-smoking media, sale to minors bans, and advertising restrictions on tobacco companies. Yet, it is still unclear which policies are most effective and least effective when it comes to reducing smoking rates. A meta-analysis of 11 articles analyzing the effects of each policy has shown that tobacco taxation and smoke free zones are the most effective ways of reducing tobacco consumption while anti-smoking media, sale to minors bans, and advertising restriction tend to yield inconclusive results or lack potency. Implementing tobacco taxes and smoke free zones in conjunction with each other can greatly reduce tobacco consumption and offer plenty of health benefits due to reduced smoking rates.
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Naghdi, Arya Kevin, "Meta-Analysis of Tobacco Control Policies for Reducing Tobacco Consumption" (2020). University Honors Theses. Paper 836.