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Homelessness -- Social aspects -- Case Studies, Homelessness -- Oregon -- Portland, Homelessness -- Surveys, Social justice, Racial justice, Equity


Portland State University’s Homelessness Research & Action Collaborative worked with the Joint Office of Homeless Services, Shannon Singleton, and Street Roots to survey people who are living unsheltered to better understand their needs. Because of the racial disparities that we know exist, we set out to create and administrate a survey that would also ask these questions with a focus on people of color.

In all, 383 people took the rapidly deployed and quickly crafted survey over the course of two weeks. Nearly 40% of those surveyed identified as people of color with the highest representation among Black people and Native Americans. The results of the survey reveal profound racial disparities even in basic answers about who accesses shelter or who pitches tents. More than 1 in 4 people of color slept on the streets without a tent compared to only 1 in 10 people who are white. In addition, people of color were less likely to access shelters. That’s a stark difference in how people of color experience unsheltered homelessness and an important distinction. Overall, stable housing was the top answer to the question "What would make you feel more supported in community?"

Ms. Singleton participated in her capacity as a private citizen, and not as part of her current employment.

Persistent Identifier

Unsheltered Survey for METRO.xlsx (27 kB)
Results Spreadsheet