First Advisor

Jennifer Morse

Community Partner

West Multnomah Soil & Water Conservation District

Date of Award

11-20-2017

Document Type

Project

Degree Name

Master of Environmental Management (MEM)

Department

Environmental Science and Management

Physical Description

1 online resource (69 pages)

Subjects

Urban runoff, Suspended sediments -- Oregon --- Portland, Urban watersheds -- Effect of urbanization on

DOI

10.15760/mem.10

Abstract

The spread of impervious surface areas and the reduction of tree canopy via urbanization has numerous water quality impacts on Pacific Northwest watersheds. One such impact is elevated levels of Total Suspended Solids (TSS) in run-off during storm events, particularly in steep, forested watersheds undergoing urbanization. This project was developed in collaboration with the West Multnomah Soil and Water Conservation District and focused on the McCarthy Creek Watershed, as a case-study watershed located in Portland, OR. The study aimed to identify elevated TSS concentrations and yields during storm events on both mainstem and tributary sampling locations, establish the relationship between TSS and rainfall variables (rainfall depth, rainfall intensity, and rainfall duration), and determine the most significant land cover variables as predictors of TSS based on delineated sub-watersheds in McCarthy Creek. These data were collected through a combination of grab sampling, hourly autosampling, and GIS analysis during the course of the later winter and early spring. All of the sampling locations exceeded informal TSS thresholds during storm events, but no statistically significant differences were found in TSS concentrations or yields for any of the sampling locations. Rainfall depth was the most significant predictor of TSS concentrations in the mainstem locations and autosampler results, while rainfall intensity was the most significant predictor of TSS in tributary sampling locations. Land cover regression models did not uncover any significant relationships between TSS and land cover variables. McCarthy Creek Watershed may so spatially homogenous in terms of land cover that TSS concentrations are similar throughout the watershed, resulting in low variance explained by land cover variables

Description

Submitted to Fulfill Degree Requirements for the Master of Environmental Management Program of the Portland State University Department of Science and Management.

Persistent Identifier

https://archives.pdx.edu/ds/psu/26248

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