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Marginal notation is extremely common in incunabula. The Portland State University Malleus Maleficarum (1490) is no exception to this trend, and contains various types of marginal notation throughout the text. Among them are three examples of manicules, a form of notation where readers draw a hand to note important sections of a text.

This paper examines the frequency of manicules in fifteen different early copies of the Malleus Maleficarum, along with the sections of the text in which the manicules are concentrated, in order to ascertain whether or not the usage of the PSU Malleus Maleficarum shares similarities with other existing copies and to see if broader patterns in marginal notation of the Malleus can be discerned.

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History | Medieval History | Medieval Studies


This essay is a research project written for Professor John Ott's Spring 2022 Medieval History seminar on PSU Library Special Collections' Malleus maleficarum and Fasciculus temporum codex.

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Prominence of Manicules within Early Editions of the Malleus Maleficarum