Gary L. Gard

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Environmental Sciences and Resources: Chemistry


Environmental Science and Management

Physical Description

3, vii, 256 leaves: ill. 28 cm.


Sulphur pentafluoride, Sulfonic acids, Fluorine compounds




Part I describes the preparation of a number of useful intermediates from the sultone F5SCHCF2OSO2 (1). These intermediates include the following: the ketene F5SC(SO2)=C=O (21), the unique sultone F4S=CCF2OSO2 (23), and various ionic intermediates of the form Y+ [F5SC(SO2F) COX]-. These intermediates play an important role in providing new pathways for preparing fluorosulfonic acid precursors. Fluorosulfonic acids are excellent candidates to improve the efficiency of environmentally safe fuel cells. It was possible to obtain new derivatives of 1 by various reactions of 21, 23 and the ionic intermediates, but it was not possible to introduce an alkyl substituent with either of the intermediates.

Part II is concerned with the synthesis of SF5 containing epoxides as possible monomers. When polymerized, materials of high dielectric strength and high chemical resistance should be obtained. The reaction chemistry of one of the epoxides was investigated and it was found that all reactions studied were accompanied by the loss of the SF5 group. Thus, it was not possible to obtain any polymeric materials.

Part III deals with the synthetic accessibility of SF$\sb5$ malonic esters and thence of SF$\sb5$ acrylic esters. These compounds should serve as building blocks in the synthesis of SF$\sb5$ containing pyrimidines. The CF3 analogue, 5-trifluoromethyl uracil, is used as an antiviral drug. In order to synthesize either SF5 malonic ester or 2-SF5 acrylic ester an SF5 group has to be introduced at a secondary carbon. A secondary SF$\sb5$ compound could be synthesized (F5SCH (COOC2H5) (CHBrOAc)) but could not be converted to the respective malonic ester F5SCH (COOC2H5) compound.

Part IV describes the reactions and preparations of Parts I-III.


This dissertation is only available to students, faculty and staff at PSU.

Persistent Identifier