First Advisor

W. Robert Daasch

Date of Publication

Fall 11-19-2014

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (M.S.) in Electrical and Computer Engineering


Electrical and Computer Engineering




Dynamic random access memory -- Research -- Mathematical models, Electronic noise -- Testing -- Mathematical models



Physical Description

1 online resource (x, 76 pages)


This thesis investigates a test method to detect the presence of Variable Retention Time (VRT) bits in manufactured DRAM. The VRT bits retention time is modeled as a 2-state random telegraph process that includes miscorrelation between test and use. The VRT defect is particularly sensitive to test and use conditions. A new test method is proposed to screen the VRT bits by simulating the use conditions during manufacturing test. Evaluation of the proposed test method required a bit-level VRT model to be parameterized as a function of temperature and voltage conditions. The complete 2-state VRT bit model combines models for the time-in-state and for the retention-time including miscorrelation. A copula is used to model the eect of miscorrelation between test and use. The proposed VRT test algorithm runtime is estimated as a function of VRT test coverage, test temperature and test voltage.


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