Portland State University. Department of Chemistry
Date of Award
Master of Science (M.S.) in Chemistry
1 online resource (ix, 108 pages)
Iodine, Borates, Catalysis, Chemical bonds
Biaryl moieties are important structural motifs in many industries, including pharmaceutical, agrochemical, energy and technology. The development of novel and efficient methods to synthesize these carbon-carbon bonds is at the forefront of synthetic methodology. Since Ullmann’s first report of stoichiometric Cu-mediated homo-coupling of aryl halides, there has been a dramatic evolution in transition metal catalyzed biaryl cross-coupling reactions.
Our work focuses on the discovery and development of an unprecedented reagent combination for metal-free cross-coupling. It is hypothesized that direct carbon-carbon bond formation occurs via a triaryl-λ3-iodane and that electrophile/nucleophile pairing is critical for success in the reaction. Proof-of-concept for this approach focused on the reaction between bromo 4-trifluoromethylphenyl (trimethoxybenzene)-λ3-iodane and potassium 3-fluorophenyltriolborate. The spectator ligand and counter ions are important parameters for both reactivity and selectivity of the aryl group transfer in this reaction. Moderate to good yields of biaryl products are obtained by this method. Experimental evidence supports the assertion of a metal-free cross-coupling reaction.
Jayatissa, Kuruppu Lilanthi, "A Metal-Free Approach to Biaryl Compounds: Carbon-Carbon Bond Formation from Diaryliodonium Salts and Aryl Triolborates" (2015). Dissertations and Theses. Paper 2229.