First Advisor

Barbara Brower

Date of Publication


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (M.S.) in Geography






Repeat photography -- Himalaya Mountains, Repeat photography -- Nepal -- Sagarmāthā National Park, Tourism -- Himalaya Mountains, Tourism -- Nepal -- Sagarmāthā National Park



Physical Description

1 online resource (95 p.)


This thesis explores the forces of change in lives and landscapes that have altered the Lamosangu-to-Everest route in northeastern Nepal and shows how a transect in photographs and conversations across the east-central Himalaya allows us insight and a greater understanding into the processes and consequences of this change.

Three forces of change over the last twenty-five years dominated discussions with local informants: the rise of the "People's War"-Nepal's Maoist Insurgency beginning in 1996; the Democratic Revolution of 1990; and dependence on tourism for livelihood after the establishment of Sagarmatha National Park in 1976. Understanding the cultural-historical context for these forces is necessary to understand the concerns of today's residents living along the Lamosangu-to-Mount Everest Base Camp transect.

The visual and ethnographic evidence discussed in this thesis takes a larger role than strict analysis of conspicuous large-scale land use change and I hope the comparative 200 I images will be used as benchmarks for future research as well as for further exploration into the ways people and place have been represented.


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