Date of Award

1976

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Arts (M.A.) in Psychology

Department

Psychology

Physical Description

1 online resource (37 p.)

Subjects

Mental Depression, Expectation (Psychology)

DOI

10.15760/etd.2386

Abstract

The present study was a modified replication of Miller and Seligman’s (1973) study. Expectancy ratings under skill and chance tasks were examined in 51 college students in four groups: depressed high-external, depressed low-external, nondepressed high-external, and nondepressed low-extrenal. The major hypothesis predicted that there would be greater association (1) between both magnitude and direction of expectancy change and outcome of the previous trial (success/non-success) with nondepression than with depression, under the skill task, (2) between both magnitude and direction of expectancy change and outcome of the previous trial (success/non-success) with low-externality than with high-externality, under the skill task, and (3) between both magnitude and direction of expectancy change and outcome of the previous trial (success/non-success) for low-externality than for high-externality under the skill task and that this would be more evident with nondepression than with depression. None of these hypotheses was confirmed; no significant differences in expectancy ratings among the groups were found. Possible reasons for the failure of the present study to support Miller and Seligman’s findings regarding the influence of depression were discussed and suggestions for future research were made.

Description

A thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts in Psychology

Persistent Identifier

http://archives.pdx.edu/ds/psu/15692

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