First Advisor

Carl Abbott

Date of Publication

Summer 8-11-2015

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Urban Studies


Urban Studies and Planning




United States. Forest Service. Pacific Northwest Region -- Personnel management -- History -- 20th century, United States. Forest Service. Pacific Northwest Region -- Officials and employees, United States. Forest Service. Pacific Northwest Region -- Civil rights, United States. Forest Service. Pacific Northwest Region -- Recruiting, Civil service -- United States -- Personnel management, Civil service -- Minority employment -- United States, Women in the civil service -- United States, Diversity in the workplace -- Law and legislation -- United States, Affirmative action programs



Physical Description

1 online resource (xiv, 533 pages)


This qualitative study of representative bureaucracy examines the extension and limitations of liberal democratic rights by connecting environmental and social history with policy, individual decision making, gender, race, and class in American history. It documents major cultural shifts in a homogeneous patriarchal organization, constraints, advancement, and the historical agency of women and minorities. "Creating a Multicultural Forest Service" identifies a relationship between natural and human resources and tells a story of expanding and contracting civil liberties that shifted over time from women and people of color to include the differently-abled and LGBT communities. It includes oral history as a key to uncovering individual decision points, relational networks, organizational activism, and human/nature relations to shape meaningful explanations of historical institutional change. With gender and race as primary categories, this inquiry forms a history that is critical to understanding federal bureaucratic efforts to meet workforce diversity goals in natural resource organizations.


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