Portland State University. Department of Psychology
Barry F. Anderson
Date of Publication
Master of Science (M.S.) in Psychology
Reasoning (Psychology), Memory, Visualization, Auditory perception
1 online resource, digitized manuscript.
A fundamental task in reasoning is to form some internal representation of the premises that allows the relations between them to be determined. Whether this process is visual or auditory is the subject of a long-standing controversy.
This controversy seems to have reached a stalemate. Another approach is to determine where in the brain reasoning is done. A way of doing this involves looking at differences in the processing and storage of visual and auditory information within the brain. Brooks used this approach in his experiments. His results suggested that a subject who receives spatial information by of the ear will, concurrent with reception, convert it into a visual representation. If, however, the individual receives a message in written form, be must use the visual system to both identify the words and, at the same time, represent the spatial relationships. Visually receive messages interfere with the generation of internal representations of spatial relations. Later experiments convinced Brooks that memories are stored in the system by which they enter the brain.
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Driesen, Jacob Lauterstein, "Differential Effects of Visual and Auditory Presentation on Logical Reasoning" (1977). Dissertations and Theses. Paper 2551.