Portland State University. Department of Psychology
Barry F. Anderson
Term of Graduation
Date of Publication
Master of Science (M.S.) in Psychology
Reasoning (Psychology), Memory, Visualization, Auditory perception
1 online resource (14 pages)
A fundamental task in reasoning is to form some internal representation of the premises that allows the relations between them to be determined. Whether this process is visual or auditory is the subject of a long-standing controversy.
This controversy seems to have reached a stalemate. Another approach is to determine where in the brain reasoning is done. A way of doing this involves looking at differences in the processing and storage of visual and auditory information within the brain. Brooks used this approach in his experiments. His results suggested that a subject who receives spatial information by of the ear will, concurrent with reception, convert it into a visual representation. If, however, the individual receives a message in written form, be must use the visual system to both identify the words and, at the same time, represent the spatial relationships. Visually receive messages interfere with the generation of internal representations of spatial relations. Later experiments convinced Brooks that memories are stored in the system by which they enter the brain.
In Copyright. URI: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/ This Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s).
Driesen, Jacob Lauterstein, "The Study of the Differential Effects of Visual and Auditory Presentation on Logical Reasoning" (1977). Dissertations and Theses. Paper 2551.