Portland State University. Department of Biology
Thelma N. Fisher
Date of Award
Master of Science (M.S.) in Biology
1 online resource. Digitized typeset
Herpes simplex virus, Tissue culture, Fishes
The purpose of this investigation was to observe changes induced by types 1 and 2 herpes simplex viruses (HSY 1 and HSY 2) when these viruses were cultivated in fish 2 cells. The possibility of attempting to use human strains of herpesviruses in order to transform normal fish tissue culture preparations was considered. Three different fish cell cultures were tested: CHSE-214 cell lines were derived from embryonic chinook salmon (Oncorhynohus tshawytscha), and STE-137 cell lines were obtained from embryonic steelhead trout (Salmo gairdneri). Cells isolated from immature ovaries of rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri) were propagated by the investigator in these studies.
Both HSV 1 and HSV 2 demonstrated cytopathic effects on the 3 different cell types described above when these cells were observed during the exponential growth phase. If virus was added before cells were dividing actively, or when the cells were maintained in a stationary phase of growth, no effect was observed.
Several methods were employed in an attempt to trans- form fish cells grown in tissue culture. Different quantities of live virus, preparations of ultraviolet light in- activated virus and purified viral DNA were used in these studies but malignant conversion by known viral components was not achieved.
In these experiments, the 2B strain of cells obtained originally from immature ovaries of rainbow trout appeared to undergo spontaneous transformation thereby becoming established as a permanent cell line. To date tissue cultures designated 2B have undergone 25 transfers in this laboratory.
Harry, Raymond Charles, "Effects of Types 1 and 2 Herpes Simplex Viruses on Several Fish Tissue Culture Systems" (1977). Dissertations and Theses. Paper 2606.